Meknes is a city in northern Morocco, located 130 kilometers from the capital Rabat and 60 kilometers from Fes. It is served by the A2 expressway between those two cities. Meknes was the capital of Morocco under the reign of Moulay Ismail (1672 – 1727), before the capital was relocated to Rabat. The population is 536,322 (2004 census). It is the capital of the Meknes-Tafilalet region. Meknes is named after a Berber tribe which was known as Miknasa in the medieval Arabic sources.
The land upon which the city is founded and much of its surrounding territory came under the domination of the Roman empire in 117 A.D. The original community from which Meknes can be traced was an 8th century Kasbah, or fortress. A Berber tribe called the Miknasa settled there in the 10th century, and a town consequently grew around the fortress. Meknes saw its golden age as the imperial capital of Moulay Ismail following his accession to the Sultanate of Morocco.
Meknes is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Information based on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meknes